Transforming Urban Transport- The Role of Political Leadership


Handouts, Articles, Presentations

Summary Handouts & Publications

Transforming Urban Transport: Political Strategies and Tactics (Synthesis Report)

JULY 2018

This 30-page report synthesizes research findings from the TUT-POL project. It presents common political strategies and tactics used to advance transport priorities across our cases, a case-by-case overview of how these were used to ensure the successful implementation of path-breaking transportation policies, and concluding remarks about the relationship between policy success and transformative change.


2-Page TUT-POL Project Summary

June 2017

This 2-page handout summaries the project, the 8 case studies and what they are investigating, political strategies, tactics, actionable lessons, and lists the project and author team.


VREF Research Brief : Strategies for Constructive Change

MAY 2015

This 2-page research brief discusses strategies for constructive change through TUT-POL's findings. The brief highlights examples from case study cities: Mexico City, Seoul, and Stockholm. Key messages from the brief include: To reduce traffic congestion, curb auto dependence, and improve transit alternatives, cities must challenge the status quo by introducing innovations in hardware, software, and financing; Such priorities tend to be highly controversial, requiring strong political leaders serving as champions for change; and Successful political leadership involves framing and pacing reform efforts, broadening coalitions of support, and creatively managing opposition. 


TUT-POL 8 Case Studies

Los Angeles

Passage of "Measure R," a ballot measure imposing a half-cent sales tax increase for transportation in 2008, with approval from more than 2/3 of LA County voters.

Mexico City

Replacement of independent bus and jitney system with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) network on key roadways between 2005-2014.

New York City

Remaking of streets and sidewalks as mixed-use urban public spaces for greater use by pedestrians and cyclists since 2007.



Urban transport improvements (i.e. metro urban tramway, Vélib', bikeway network) emanating from the city proper through the region since 2001.

San Francisco

Transformation of regulatory structures to legalize and enable expansion of Uber and other ridesourcing services starting in 2013.


A 2003 downtown expressway demolition followed by bus system overhaul, multi-modal transport system integration, and urban regeneration.



Adoption of congestion pricing on results of a voter referendum following a full-scale trial in 2007.


Transformational mode share shifts through reinforcement of complementary measures including public transit improvements and parking and traffic management since the 1990s.